These Cantonese Chinese lessons have been designed
to provide practical travel vocabulary and a foundation for basic conversational
skills through a simple listen and repeat format. Don't be frustrated
if you find the phrases difficult to say at first -- this is to be expected
when starting on a new language. Practice as often as possible, and you'll
soon notice your ability to recognize and produce the sounds of Cantonese
developing naturally with repeated exposure. You may also download
a complete audio transcript for listening in your car.
To make a sentence negative, simple put the word for not in front of the verb.
You are not American
nay hm hie may-gwohk yan
you not are American
I am not Chinese
ngoh hm hie johng-gwohk yan
I not am Chinese
In Cantonese, questions are often
formed by placing both the positive and negative form of the verb, and then
adding an open ah sound at the end of of the sentence.
nay hie-hm-hie ah
you are-not-are +?
Are you American?
nay hie-hm-hie may-gwohk yan ah
you are-not-are American +?
There is no standard word for yes
and no in Cantonese. Instead, questions are usually answered by repeating
the positive or negative form of the verb from the original question. To
answer the question Are you American, you'd repeat the positive or
negative form of the verb: